Bitcoin VS Ethereum: What's the Difference?

Pathik Bhattacharya
Pathik Bhattacharya

Updated on June 04, 2023 01:15 PM

Published on January 28, 2023 01:23 PM

Bitcoin and Ethereum share many similarities, but there are certain long-term differences in ideals and constraints that distinguish them as two distinct blockchain networks.

Bitcoin vs ethereum
Source: Unsplash

Bitcoin Vs Ethereum is one of the hottest comparisons in the crypto space. The two most extensively used blockchain applications in the world today have their own community and utilization. While many people believe they are competitors, this is not the case. Ethereum is a digital universe, whereas Bitcoin is digital gold.

Bitcoin Vs Ethereum is by far the ultimate comparison of the two actual crypto giants like El Classico. However, both have their own pros and cons.

In this article, we will explore  Similarities, differences and many more between the two crypto giants. Let’s dive into this.

Bitcoin Vs Ethereum: Fundamentals

Both cryptocurrencies use blockchain technology to establish an internet value layer, but Bitcoin's technology is confined to payments and scarcity. Ethereum extends blockchain by incorporating a computer into the value layer, replacing traditional financial processes like lending and trade with code.

Both systems are powered and protected by a decentralized network of people (miners) from all over the world who are compensated for their contributions to network security. 

Decentralization is the fundamental feature of blockchain technologies that distinguishes Bitcoin from the digital dollar, which is centralized and controlled by the US government. 

Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin to decentralize control of money when centralized entities failed the world in 2008. Ethereum was inspired by Bitcoin, but it improved on Bitcoin by introducing smart contracts. Whereas Bitcoin serves a single purpose as a store of value, Ethereum's flexibility allows its blockchain network to have infinite potential.

Understanding the distinctions between Bitcoin and Ethereum will lead you down a much deeper route of technological growth and where the internet's future may lie.

But before jumping directly to the ultimate conclusion of Bitcoin Vs Ethereum we first should go through the basics of Both the cryptos.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin cryptocurrency was first introduced in January 2009. It introduced a revolutionary concept outlined in a white paper by the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto—Bitcoin offers the promise of an online currency that is secure without the intervention of a central authority, unlike government-issued currencies. There are no real bitcoins; instead, there are balances connected with a cryptographically secured public ledger.

Although Bitcoin is not the first cryptocurrency that is famous, it was the most successful in its early days. As a result, it has come to be considered the forefather of nearly all cryptocurrencies that have arisen in the last decade.

The concept of virtual, decentralized currency has gained acceptability among regulators and government entities throughout the years. While the fact that it is neither a formally recognized mode of payment nor a store of value, cryptocurrency has carved out a niche for itself and continues to coexist with the financial system despite being frequently analyzed and discussed.

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a worldwide computing platform that is fueled by Ether, its native money (ETH). As the demand for computing power on the Ethereum blockchain rises, so will the price of ETH.

Ethereum's programming language, Solidity, is used to develop smart contracts that may be implemented on the blockchain. Developers picked Ethereum's blockchain to develop their apps on because it is highly decentralized and thus immune to censorship and other sorts of centralized malice. 

Decentralized apps (dApps) are peer-to-peer programs on Ethereum that can provide trustless products and services. Ethereum-based DApps can be used for a range of purposes, including financial, gaming, and social media.

As the Ethereum platform's native currency, ETH is required to run dApps on the Ethereum blockchain's global computer.

Ethereum was launched in 2015 as an upgrade to Bitcoin's perceived limitations. Working of Ethereum gave developers more opportunities to create new applications, and it eventually became an independent and competing business. Vitalik Buterin founded Ethereum, and the foundation is presently the most actively maintained blockchain project in the world.

In the next section, we will explore Bitcoin Vs Ethereum: Similarities.

Bitcoin Vs Ethereum: Similarities

Aside from the fact that Bitcoin and Ethereum are both popular cryptocurrency blockchains, another important commonality between the two is network adoption. Because both networks have far more users than other cryptocurrencies, they are the two most valuable cryptocurrencies in terms of market value. 

While Bitcoin has greater institutional adoption, Ethereum has a larger active user base and transacts significantly more volume on a daily basis than Bitcoin. Because both cryptocurrencies are widely used, these networks should have a long life as the blockchain sector evolves. Below is a check table for the similarities that Bitcoin and Ethereum share.





Use decentralized blockchains

Have native cryptocurrencies

Provide crypto wallet services

Use seed phrases and cryptography for secure transactions

Use a network of nodes to verify transactions

Use a cryptographically secured public ledger

Highly secure crypto technologies

Accessible via digital wallets

Have seen significant increases in value

Bitcoin Vs Ethereum: Differences

  • Bitcoin was designed to accomplish one thing well: to let people transfer value from one another without the use of a central bank. Ethereum was designed as a general-purpose blockchain, with smart contracts that enable endless functionalities. As a result, rather than functioning only as a store of value, Ethereum is capable of doing many things well.

  • Another significant distinction is that Bitcoin employs a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus method, whereas Ethereum employs a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism. PoW confirms transactions and creates new blocks by using validators chosen at random. To confirm transactions and add new blocks to the blockchain, PoS uses a competitive validation process. Overall, PoW consumes a lot more energy to verify one block, but PoS may perform the same function at a fraction of the cost.

  • Although Ether can be used as a digital currency, that is not its primary function. The Ethereum platform was designed primarily to monetize the activities of Ethereum smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps).

The below table covers the whole comparison of Bitcoin vs Ethereum.





Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that can be transferred on the peer-to-peer bitcoin network.

Ethereum is a decentralized global software platform powered by blockchain technology.


Bitcoin was defined in a white paper published on 31 October 2008. The currency began to use in 2009.

Ethereum was conceived in 2013 by programmer Vitalik Buterin, and then went live on 30 July 2015.


The purpose of bitcoin was to replace national currencies during the financial crisis of 2008.

The purpose of Ethereum was to utilize blockchain technology for maintaining a decentralized payment network and storing computer code.

Smart Contracts

Bitcoin does have smart contracts, but they are not as flexible or complete as Ethereum smart contracts.

Ethereum allows us to create smart contracts, which are computer codes stored on a blockchain and executed when the predetermined terms and conditions are met.

Programming Language

Smart contracts on Bitcoin are written in programming languages like Script and Clarity.

Smart contracts on Ethereum are written in programming languages like Solidity and Vyper.

Token Supply

Bitcoin has a limited supply of 21 Million tokens. After which, no Bitcoin could be mined forever.

Ethereum doesn’t have a finite supply.


Generally, bitcoin transactions are only for keeping notes.

Ethereum transactions may contain some executable code.

Hash Algorithm

Bitcoin runs on the SHA-256 hash algorithm.

Ethereum runs on the Keccak-256 hash algorithm.

Consensus Mechanism

The Proof-of-Work (PoW) is the consensus mechanism used by the Bitcoin network.

The Proof-of-Stake is the consensus mechanism used by Ethereum.

Block Time

The block time of bitcoin is 10 minutes.

The block time of Ethereum is 14 to 15 seconds.

Block Limit

The bitcoin blockchain has a block limit of 1 MB.

The Ethereum blockchain does not have a block limit.


Bitcoin is currently the most popular digital currency in the market.

Ether, the native currency of Ethereum, is the second-largest cryptocurrency after bitcoin.

Bitcoin or Ethereum: Which One is Better?

Bitcoin and Ethereum are two of the most popular cryptocurrencies on the market, and the debate over which is superior frequently emerges among investors and crypto fans. While both have advantages and disadvantages, judging which one is superior is dependent on the individual's investment objectives and risk tolerance.

For Bitcoin: 

  • Bitcoin is often viewed as a stable investment choice with a long history of success and a high market capitalization.

  • It was the first cryptocurrency to achieve widespread adoption, and it has a limited supply of 21 million coins, making it a deflationary asset.

  • Bitcoin is widely accepted by merchants and is gaining more institutional adoption, making it more mainstream.

For Ethereum: 

  • It offers more functionality and flexibility than Bitcoin, thanks to its smart contract capabilities.

  • Ethereum's smart contracts enable developers to create decentralized applications on the Ethereum blockchain, making it a popular choice for DeFi and NFT projects.

  • Ethereum is currently transitioning from PoW to PoS consensus mechanism, which could make it more energy-efficient and scalable.

Finally, which cryptocurrency is best depends on the investor's objectives and risk tolerance. Bitcoin may be a preferable alternative for an investor searching for a more reliable and proven investment option. 

But, if an investor is ready to take on greater risk in exchange for the possibility of higher returns and the capacity to participate in the future of blockchain technology, Ethereum may be a superior alternative. 

Before making any financial decisions, it is critical to conduct comprehensive research and understand the risks and advantages.


Talking about the differences between Bitcoin vs Ethereum leads to a more in-depth discussion of what blockchain technology can do to better every part of our life. Bitcoin and Ethereum will most certainly play a significant role in the future of everything from finance to the courts to construction.

It is critical to recognize that Bitcoin vs Ethereum are fundamentally different concepts. Bitcoin is a form of value storage. Ethereum is a platform for hosting decentralized apps. Ether is the Ethereum money and programmable value. The Ethereum and Bitcoin backbones are identical; nonetheless, both of these cryptos use blockchain technology to secure their networks.

That’s all for “Bitcoin Vs Ethereum”, hope you got your facts clear.

Bitcoin Vs Ethereum FAQs

Is Ethereum better than Bitcoin?

Ethereum can accomplish everything Bitcoin can, and then some. Ethereum is a decentralized computing platform that is ushering in a new era of automated financial applications to connect the global economy via a trustless and decentralized blockchain.

What's the difference between Bitcoin and Ethereum?

Bitcoin is digital gold. Ethereum is a digital computer that is decentralized. Both blockchains may be used to store and transfer assets, but Ethereum can also be used to build decentralized apps (dApps). Ethereum is a global computer and development platform.

Who owns Ethereum?

Ethereum has an unusually long list of founders. Anthony Di Iorio wrote: "Ethereum was founded by Vitalik Buterin, Myself, Charles Hoskinson, Mihai Alisie & Amir Chetrit (the initial 5) in December 2013. Joseph Lubin, Gavin Wood, & Jeffrey Wilcke were added in early 2014 as founders."

Is Ethereum better than Bitcoin for investment purposes?

This depends on your investment goals and risk tolerance. While both cryptocurrencies have seen significant price growth, Ethereum has outperformed Bitcoin in terms of percentage gains over the past few years.

Can Ethereum overtake Bitcoin in market capitalization?

It's possible, but it's hard to say for certain. Ethereum has been gaining ground on Bitcoin in terms of market capitalization, and it has a more diverse range of use cases. However, Bitcoin is still the dominant cryptocurrency in terms of market share and overall adoption.

Which is more secure, Bitcoin or Ethereum?

Both cryptocurrencies are secured by cryptography and are generally considered to be secure. However, Bitcoin has a longer track record and is more battle-tested, which may give it an edge in terms of security.

Can Ethereum be used as a currency like Bitcoin?

Yes, Ethereum can be used as a currency like Bitcoin, but it's not its primary use case. Ethereum's main focus is on smart contracts and decentralized applications, while Bitcoin is primarily used as a means of payment and a store of value.



ethereumBitcoin News


GSR, A Provider Of Cryptocurrency Liquidity, Has Regulatory Permission In Singapore
GSR, A Provider Of Cryptocurrency Liquidity, Has Regulatory Permission In Singapore
October 03, 2023 01:29 AM