How Cryptocurrency Value is Determined?

    Simar Marwaha
    Simar Marwaha
    Published on February 18, 2023 08:21 AM

    With cryptocurrency's volatility, you may be wondering what makes it valuable. Let's now understand more about the variables that influence cryptocurrency value.

    How Cryptocurrency Value is Determined
    Source: Unsplash

    Late in 2017, as Bitcoin's price skyrocketed, so did public interest in cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies, and cryptocurrency prices saw a sharp increase in internet searches. The rapid rise in cryptocurrency values made many individuals unable to resist the dread of missing out on the enormous benefits the early adopters enjoyed.

    Those that invested around the tail end of the bull run witnessed an instant halving in the value of their investment when the expected correction hit and crypto prices collapsed. As despair and agony followed, the community's excitement for cryptocurrencies hasn't wavered.

    Prices for cryptocurrencies frequently see abrupt increases and steep declines. Although volatility has gradually diminished as the market has stabilized, irrationality will always be a component of trading.

    Cryptocurrencies are hardly ever supported by a central authority, in contrast to fiat currencies or other officially recognized forms of payment. Government endorsement may increase consumer trust in a currency's worth and bring in big spenders and currency collectors. Many factors contribute to the value of cryptocurrencies:

    1. Demand and supply
    2. Production costs
    3. Exchangeability
    4. Governance
    5. Availability of exchanges
    6. Regulations

    This article will examine all these significant factors that shape cryptocurrency's value today. So let's get started and see how the value of cryptocurrency is determined.

    How is cryptocurrency valued?

    Demand and supply

    Cryptocurrency value is influenced by supply and demand, much like the value of anything else people want. Price increases as supply lag behind demand. For instance, grain and product prices will increase if demand remains the same during a drought.

    The same supply and demand laws apply to cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrency appreciates in value when demand outpaces supply. More intricate steps are involved. However, once the bulk of the coins has been mined, the mining rate slows, and the overall supply is only refilled to make up for lost units. 

    Prices are influenced by supply and demand, as you would know if you have a rudimentary understanding of economics.

    Production costs 

    The process of producing new cryptocurrency tokens is known as cryptocurrency mining. To decentralise and create the token, this method entails employing software to validate blocks on the blockchain.

    Participants must employ computational power to crack transaction-related algorithms to validate blockchain. However, there is a rivalry to mine some cryptocurrencies, mostly because miners are rushing to verify the next block, which can make mining more challenging.

    As more powerful equipment is required, which can be expensive, the cost of mining rises. To cover the expenses of production, higher mining costs drive up the value of cryptocurrencies.

    Attackers utilize cryptojacking—the unlawful use of other systems—to mine bitcoin due to the high expenses. Cryptomining software installed on the target machine can also carry out cryptojacking.


    Many cryptocurrencies exist, and new initiatives and tokens are introduced every day. The entrance hurdle for new rivals is low, but a network of cryptocurrency users must be built to create a sustainable cryptocurrency. 

    A good blockchain application may expand a network quickly, especially if it fixes a problem with a rival program. 

    If a new rival acquires popularity, it diminishes the value of the incumbent, resulting in a decline in the incumbent's price while the new rival's token price increases.


    Cryptocurrency networks seldom ever adhere to a strict set of guidelines. In reaction to community criticism, developers alter their projects. For instance, governance tokens give their owners a vote on how a token is mined or utilized in a project's future.

    Before any modifications to a token's governance can be made, stakeholders must have a consensus. Investors prefer a well-run government. Investors prefer the devil they know to the devil they don't, even if a cryptocurrency's operation has problems. 

    As a result, stable governance might be advantageous in delivering more stable pricing in situations where things are generally tough to alter.

    Availability of exchanges

    The more well-known cryptocurrencies, including Ether and Bitcoin, may be traded on various exchanges. Access is restricted since only a few exchanges may list the smaller tokens.

    A cryptocurrency's demand may rise if it is listed on more exchanges and is, therefore, accessible to more investors.

    To purchase cryptocurrency, users must create an account on a cryptocurrency broker, such as Coinbase, eToro or Gemini. Opening an account on these exchanges is similar to opening any other investment account.

    Cross-chain bridges can be used to swap one cryptocurrency for another by a user. It resembles the currency transaction between several nations. Several cross-chain bridges are available to aid in exploring different blockchain ecosystems.


    During a financial catastrophe brought on by the relaxation of derivatives restrictions, Cryptocurrency was developed. The cryptocurrency ecosystem is renowned for being free of boundaries and rules since it is mainly uncontrolled.

    It is not subject to the same governmental regulations as other currencies because it is not governed, allowing for unfettered cross-border use. 

    Conversely, it implies that dealing with and utilizing Bitcoin can lead to criminal prosecution in most financial countries. The ecosystem is experiencing less liquidity and greater volatility due to the overwhelming majority of institutional investors' continued reluctance to engage in the asset class.

    How does cryptocurrency gain value?

    A company's market capitalization on the stock market is calculated by dividing the stock price by the number of outstanding shares. The stock price may increase or decrease depending on the balance of supply and demand. Prices for stocks with greater demand, like Apple and Amazon, are higher.

    The same idea holds for cryptocurrencies. A greater demand drives increasing pricing. The price of that coin rises if demand outpaces supply.

    Certain cryptocurrencies, like bitcoin, have a limited supply and only grow by a set amount. There are no supply restrictions on other cryptocurrencies, such as Ether.

    Cryptocurrency demand is influenced by various elements, such as how useful the coins are and whether or not companies accept them.

    The following are some more elements that affect how much a cryptocurrency is worth:

    Mining: Miners fight for the encrypted number while attempting to generate a new block, and the first miner receives the freshly created bitcoin. Mining may be costly, especially considering how much power is required to finish it.

    Regulation: The absence of regulation may or may not impact value. While some investors like the independence that comes with no rules, others are concerned about security and control.

    Accessibility: The value of a cryptocurrency may increase if it is more easily accessible on a number of exchanges.

    Utility rising: Utility rises when firms accept cryptocurrencies and if there is a chance for investment. Its value may also be impacted by its use in decentralized finance protocols or applications. Compare a gift card from a local store to one from Amazon. The Amazon gift card has more alternatives, increasing its usefulness.

    Competition: They could lose value if there are many options.

    How does cryptocurrency react to a recession?

    A prolonged, widespread fall in economic activity is referred to as a recession. During a recession, economic production, employment, and consumer spending all often decline. A recession may potentially impact cryptocurrency since consumer demand often declines simultaneously.

    In 2021, cryptocurrency had a value of around $3 trillion, its peak. The value of cryptocurrencies started to decline as concerns of a recession emerged. The two biggest digital currencies lost about three-quarters of their value during the worst fall. 

    The cryptocurrency market was estimated to be worth $993 billion as of January 2023.

    The public becomes uneasy and steers clear of risky assets like stocks, shares, and cryptocurrencies due to concerns of an approaching recession. As consumers anticipate a recession, their confidence begins to decline.

    Consumer demand is the foundation of cryptocurrencies, and if living expenses rise, fewer people may be able to afford to buy them. Since that digital assets haven't experienced a protracted recession, it is uncertain if bitcoin prices will decline during one.

    Yet, much like other risky assets, cryptocurrencies will undoubtedly struggle with recessionary anxiety.


    While existing for more than ten years, cryptocurrency is still a relatively new asset class. In other words, a wide range of variables, including manufacturing costs, rivalry, and regulatory changes, affect its price.

    Due to the cryptocurrency's technological foundations, other elements, like the degree of difficulty of its algorithms and forks on its blockchains, may also impact its price.


    How are crypto values determined?

    The following variables affect the price of bitcoin since it functions more like a commodity being used to hold value: Bitcoin's availability and the market's demand. The price associated with creating a bitcoin through mining. The number of cryptocurrencies that compete.

    What factors affect the market value of cryptocurrencies?

    Two key factors, supply and pricing, often have an impact on a cryptocurrency's market value. A cryptocurrency will often be more valuable if its supply is limited. Even with a reduced circulating quantity, a coin with a high price might have a huge market cap, and vice versa.

    How does the value of crypto rise?

    The value of cryptocurrencies increases due to variables including supply and demand, internal politics, and rivalry with other coins. Mining new coins and existing coin holders' willingness to sell their holdings determine the supply. Due to its use, the cryptocurrency saw a spike in demand.

    Who is in charge of cryptocurrency?

    In contrast to a digital currency issued by a central bank, cryptocurrencies often operate under decentralized governance. A cryptocurrency is typically seen as centralized when it is coined, generated before issuance, or issued by a single issuer.

    Why do cryptocurrencies lose value?

    Prices for cryptocurrencies are influenced by market supply and demand. The demand for and price of a cryptocurrency rise with its popularity. The price will decrease similarly if there is a decrease in demand and an increase in the supply of an asset due to the widespread sale of a token.

    Who sets the price of bitcoin?

    Supply and demand have a role in determining the price of Bitcoin, just as they do in determining the value of the US dollar. Similar to traditional money, the price of bitcoin rises as demand rises. The price of bitcoin decreases as demand declines.

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