Polkadot on Path to Revolutionise Web3 Interoperability

Simar Marwaha
Simar Marwaha

Updated on January 10, 2023 02:14 PM

Published on December 23, 2022 06:29 PM

Polkadot sees a Web3 future in which blockchain networks and apps may connect effortlessly. What does that imply, though? Let's evaluate it.

Polkadot on Path to Revolutionise Web3 Interoperability
Source: Unsplash

The future of Web3 is linked networks, according to Polkadot, not isolated autonomous blockchain ecosystems. Cross-Consensus Messaging format, or XCM, is used to promote secure communication in a multichain environment.

Interaction between parachains and between parachains and relay chains is made possible, and bridges are used to connect to non-native networks. Through the use of multichain interoperability and cross-chain bridges, Polkadot hopes to link the Web3 ecosystem.

Interoperability across blockchains may hold the key to a multichain future. The search for a safe method for independent chains to transfer tokens and transmit data across networks is still in its early stages for this asset class.

In order to solve this issue, Polkadot connects several application-specific blockchains (parachains) that may communicate with one another utilising a shared security layer (relay chain).

Polkadot interoperability

Users can build application-specific layer-1s on the Polkadot network, which is a nominated proof-of-stake (nPoS) blockchain.  These parallel blockchains (parachains) can communicate with one another and are protected by a foundational layer known as the relay chain.

The relay chain serves as the consensus and validation layer for all parachains, even if each one may have its own native coins and governance models. The relay chain can sustain 100 to 250 parachains, according to a study Polkadot commissioned.

As a security alliance, Polkadot effectively relies on the relay chain to complete blocks while allowing different parachains to create their own unique localised set of rules and logic. Thus, independent chains do not have control over their own security but do have sovereignty over their specific applications.

Parachains use the relay chain for their security, but as a result, they have little to no control over the acceptance of state changes. This is a benefit, not a defect.

Polkadot's organisational structure differs somewhat in that (1) validators serve as the network's primary active layer by producing blocks and (2) nominators serve as the network's secondary passive layer by receiving incentives for transferring stakes to validators.

Nominators perform more staking since validator responsibilities are constrained. The current nominal yearly return for staking is 15%, although the actual return is more in the range of 5-6%. The user would need to "unbond" the position, which takes 28 days on Polkadot, in order to quit a nominating or validating stake.

According to Polkadot's hypothesis that a "optimal staking rate of 50% stabilises the network," staking has so far locked up at least half of the whole DOT supply, but the overall quantity locked up has fluctuated beyond that mark. This makes it fairly difficult to determine the circulating DOT supply without taking staked DOT into account.

How is multichain for Web3 being revolutionised by Polkadot?

Although bringing interoperability and enabling communication between chains is the goal of both multichain and cross-chain compatibility, both fundamentally vary.

Cross-chain allows the transfer of a particular token from a native chain to a non-native chain. However, there is a requirement for bridges that can link two blockchains in order to provide this cross-chain interoperability.

A blockchain project that uses many chains is referred to as multichain. It implies that a project may be native to many blockchain networks and makes it feasible to begin a cryptocurrency project across numerous chains at once. Such tokens can be moved without a bridge between the chains that sustain them.

Polkadot argues that linked networks, rather than isolated individual blockchain ecosystems, are the future of Web3. Through the use of the Cross-Consensus Messaging format, or XCM, it seeks to create a multichain world that encourages secure communication. Interaction between parachains and between parachains and relay chains is made possible, and bridges are used to connect to non-native networks.

Through the use of multichain interoperability and cross-chain bridges, Polkadot hopes to link the Web3 ecosystem. As a result, XCM makes interchain messaging dependable and stable and makes the following capabilities available:

  1. NFT and cross-chain token transfers
  2. Resources supported by reserves
  3. Message transmission at random
  4. Smart contracts for multiple chains, dApps, and DeFi
  5. Interchain fees and any native token payments
  6. DAOs on several chains and treasuries
  7. Incorporating outside coins into Polkadot
  8. Reputation mechanism across chains

Cross-chain and multichain interaction are advanced by XCM. By offering guidelines for creating, transmitting, and analysing cross-chain communications, it maximises interoperability. The destination chain follows the instructions when these messages are received. It provides a number of options, including

  1. Supporting rich data: XCM messages may transmit any data, unlike ordinary bridges, which primarily permit token transfers.
  2. Secure and trustless: XCM provides communication across parachains that is safe, secure, and trustless.
  3. Programmability: XCM messages may be used to implement computer programmes that are transmitted from one location to another. It enables blockchains to communicate and exchange programmes.
  4. Cross-consensus: XCM is capable of transferring data over bridges, between substrate pallets, and between smart contracts running on various virtual machines. It may also link networks that use various consensus mechanisms.

Also read: What to Expect as Polkadot Approaches the Critical Support


The interoperable Web3 future that Polkadot envisions would enable seamless communication across blockchain networks and apps. It is created as a heterogenous multichain architecture for Web3 with the goal of bridging isolated networks.

Each parachain naturally communicates with the relay chain and other parachains. Additionally, the XCM message style permits communication between chains.

Polkadot FAQs

What is Polkadot used for?

A network called Polkadot enables many blockchains to exchange messages, including currency, without the need for a third party while sharing their distinctive characteristics and combining their security. In a nutshell, Polkadot is a multi-chain, heterogeneous, scalable solution.

Is Polkadot better than Ethereum?

While Ethereum wants to offer a secure public blockchain for high value transactions, Polkadot intends to link chains. The adoption of Ethereum is stronger. These days, it serves a lot more useful purposes. The upside of DOT, though, could be greater.

Is Polkadot a metaverse coin?

One of the three Metaverse cryptocurrencies, widely regarded as the currency of the future, is polkadot.

Will Polkadot get 1000?

Additionally, because to its own blockchain technology and DOT token, Polkadot cryptocurrency is ranked highly on several lists. But will the Polkadot price forecast eventually reach $1,000? If so, you'll have to exercise patience. According to,  almost all predictions state that Polkadot will increase and reach $1,000 by 2027 or later.

Why Polkadot will be huge?

Investors are becoming increasingly interested in Polkadot since it is more participatory. Blockchains may be connected to the Polkadot system by developers, and they can even construct brand-new blockchains. Investors get interested in new technology when they observe developers fawning over it.

Is Solana or Polkadot better?

Solana is the fastest blockchain network on the market in terms of network speed, with the capacity to handle around 65,000 transactions per second. Polkadot, which can only validate roughly 1,000 transactions within the same time period, is clearly outperformed by it.



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