The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) believes a fundamental central bank digital currency (CBDC) system must be implemented first and thoroughly tested to minimize the impact on the country’s monetary policy and banking sector. The Indian central bank sees various advantages to introducing a digitized rupee, including “the potential to increase the effectiveness of cross-border payments.”
The RBI Explains the Advantages of Creating Economic Phenomenon and How to Establish a CBDC with Little Impact
Tuesday, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued its “Report on Direction and Development of Banking in India 2020-21.” A chapter on blockchain and digital money is included in the 248-page paper.
“A central bank digital currency (CBDC) offers a secure, resilient, and convenient substitute to real cash in its basic form,” the Indian central bank explained, adding that “depending on various design decisions, it may also assume the complicated shape of a financial instrument.”
The RBI went on:
In compared to conventional forms of money, it has the potential to provide users with advantages such as high of liquidity, scalability, adoption, convenience of transactions with anonymity, and speedier settlement.
The Indian reserve bank stated that “critical concerns” concerning the architecture of a cbdc currency must be solved before it is introduced. One concern, for example, is “whether the CBDC would’ve been generally useful and accessible for retailer use (CBDC-R) or wholesale usage (CBDC-W).”
“In a nation like India, the decision of distribution architecture, i.e., whether CBDC would be issued directly by the central bank or through commercial banks, needs to be carefully evaluated,” the RBI said.
The apex bank explained that determining the quantity of issuance and circulation will aid in identifying “the suitable technology platform better suited to conduct such activities.”
The RBI noted in a discussion of the function of a central bank digital currency in cross-border transactions that “the introduction of the CBDC has the potential to increase productivity of pass payments and may provide an alternative to correspondent banks in the future.” According to the study,
India’s advancements in payment systems will offer a beneficial foundation for making a cutting-edge CBDC available to its residents and financial institutions.
However, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das had stated repeatedly that the central bank is concerned about bitcoin. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has urged on the Indian government to enact a total ban on bitcoin, noting that a partial ban would be ineffective. Despite this, the government is apparently preparing to regulate crypto assets, only with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) serving as the primary regulator.
Furthermore, in a nation like India, the RBI stated that the choice on distribution architecture, i.e. whether the digital currency will be issued directly by the banking system or through commercial banks, must be carefully considered.
“Determining the quantity of issuance and distribution will also aid in finding the optimal underlying technology to manage such activities.”
Due to the dynamic influence on macroeconomic planning, it is vital to start with basic models and test them thoroughly and they’ll have the least impact on fiscal policy and the financial system.